Insomnia is defined as difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep,  or both,despite adequate opportunity and time to sleep,  leading to impaired daytime functioning. Insomnia may be due  to poor quality or quantity of sleep.

Insomnia is very common and occurs in 30% to 50% of the general population. Approximately 10% of the population may suffer from chronic (long-standing) insomnia.

Insomnia affects people of all ages including children, although it is more common in adults and its frequency increases with age. In general, women are affected more frequently than men

Insomnia may be divided into three classes based on the duration of symptoms.

Insomnia lasting one week or less may be termed transient insomnia; Short-term insomnia lasts more than one week but resolves in less than three weeks; and long-term or chronic insomnia lasts more than three weeks.

Insomnia can also be classified based on the underlying reasons for insomnia such as sleep hygiene, medical conditions, sleep disorders, stress factors, and so on.

It is important to make a distinction between insomnia and other similar terminology; short duration sleep and sleep deprivation. Short duration sleep may be normal in some individuals who may require less time for sleep without feeling daytime impairment, the central symptom in the definition of insomnia. In insomnia, adequate time and opportunity for sleep is available, whereas in sleep deprivation, lack of sleep is due to lack of opportunity or time to sleep because of voluntary or intentional avoidance of sleep.


  • Insomnia may have many causes and, as described earlier, it can be classified based upon the underlying cause.
  • Situational and stress factors leading to insomnia may include: jet lag, physical discomfort (hot, cold, lighting, noise, and unfamiliar surroundings), working different shifts,
  • Stressful life situations (divorce or separation, death of a loved one, losing a job, preparing for an examination),
  • Illicit drug use, cigarette smoking, caffeine intake prior to going to bed, alcohol intoxication or withdrawal, or certain medications.
  • Sleep hygiene Sleep hygiene can play an important role in insomnia. Poor sleep hygiene includes physical factors such as: using the bedroom for things other than sleeping, eating or exercising prior to sleep, going to bed hungry, sleeping in a room with too much noise or lighting, or doing work in bed.
  • Medical and psychiatric conditions such as obesity, acid reflux, hyperthyroidism,
  • Urinary problems (frequent urination, urinary incontinence), chronic pain, fibromyalgia, Parkinson’s disease, or dementia.
  • Common psychiatric problems can be responsible for insomnia including: Depression, psychosis, mania, anxiety, or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
  • Some common physiologic conditions can lead to insomnia such as: Menopause, menstrual cycle, pregnancy, fever, or pain.
  • Other causes of insomnia may be related to sleep disorders including: sleep walking, sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome (creeping sensations in the leg during sleep, relieved by leg movement), periodic limb movement disorder (involuntary repeated leg movement during sleep), or circadian sleep disturbance (unusual sleep time due to disturbed biological clock).

Homeopathic symptoms and medicine

Homeopathic remedies are prescribed by symptoms rather than conditions, as each case of a particular illness can manifest differently in different people. There are many symptoms which can be effectively treated by homoeopathy ­­­­­few symptoms are given below.If your symptoms are matching to any of the symptoms given below, it can be cured mail the disease and symptom number at to know your medicine.

1). Anxiety and fear, tossing about restlessly. Nightmares; cannot sleep. Acute insomnia caused by shock, fright, bad news, or grief, Nightmares.

2). Insomnia after exertion and physical strain, bed feels too hard. Bed feels too hard and uncomfortable. Jet lag.

3). Restless between midnight and 3 a.m., walks about, cannot relax, even though exhausted. Sleepy during the day but anxious at night. Restless in bed with anxious dreams and nightmares.

4). sleepy during the day, insomnia at night.. Sleep disturbed by cramps and diarrhea. Wakes up very early and can not go back to sleep due to heat and many ideas. Night terrors in children with convulsive movements of the hands.

5). Insomnia from oversensitivity to pain, drives out of bed to move about restlessly. Irritable baby who refuses to be calmed. Sleeplessness caused by teething, anger, or Colic. Moaning when asleep, eyes are half open when asleep. Exhibits irritability, peevishness, and restlessness. Due to overuse of coffee. Exhibits sleeplessness and restlessness during the first part of the night. frightening dreams. Sleepy but cannot get to sleep.

6). Mind overactive: cannot stop train of thought and flow of ideas.Sleeplessness when the mind is awake and working. Shows inability to relax due to the overexcitement caused by good news or ideas. Vivid dreams, overactive mind, overexcitement. The thoughts are not fixed on a disappointment, but nevertheless the nervous system seems to be overexcited, as if from drinking too much coffee. insomnia following too much coffee drinking.

7). Difficulty waking and getting up in the morning, waking up before midnight. Painful teething in restless babies. Anxious, irritable, sluggish, and restless. Dislikes routine. Babies who scream in their steep and need lots of attention

8). Insomnia following grief, disappointed love, or other emotional shock. Sleeplessness caused by shock, emotional stress, or grief, where the person has become overwrought and moody, with frequent yawning or sighing. Jerks limbs when falling asleep. Mood swings, no thirst, dreams with bottled up anger and tension.

9). Insomnia following excitement, or from overwork, mental or physical. Can be excited or exhausted. night terrors, or waking with a sinking feeling in the stomach. Caused by excitement or mental strain. Also for anxiety, irritability, and muscle fatigue Exhausted by stress or overwork.

10). Sleep problems during the menopause. Sensation of suffocation at the throat or bed swaying as you go to steep. Dread of going to bed because of sudden awakenings and the sensation of swaying. Tendency to hold breathe white fatting asleep. Night sweats. Waking anxious and feeling unwell.

11). Sleep is not refreshing. Violent yawning. Daytime sleepiness. Insomnia from flatulence or discomfort in the wisdom tooth. Can not sleep after 2 or 3. Anxious dreams: he speaks, screams, and jumps. Dreams of fire, thieves, feuds, mishaps, money, pleasure, death, floods, etc.

12). Insomnia around 3 a.m. until around dawn, from mental stress or too much study. Irritable that sleep will not come, especially after abuse of alcohol or coffee.Sleeplessness from stopping sedatives, or from too much mental stress, alcohol or food.

14). Insomnia after overeating. Anxious Dreams, worse lying on left side or after a ,vivid dreams, night sweats. Person is restless in first sleep, feels too hot and do not wants to be covered, then feels too cold and lies with arms above head, not thirsty, or if the insomnia due to  rich food.

15). Drowsy during the day, yet sleepless at night. Can get short naps only. Insomnia with itching of skin, burning of feet. Awakened by the slightest noise and finds it difficult to get back to sleep

16). unrefreshing sleep. Exhausted and depressed by over work and mental stress. Feels irritable and sleepy during the day. Suffers from headaches, nausea and dizziness due to tiredness. Night sweats.

17). Bed wetting in the early part of the night. Over-sensitive child easily upset and tearful. Afraid of the dark. Strong sense of justice.

18). If exhaustion is related to changing work shifts or too many nights of staying awake, as when caring for a sick person.  overtiredness and exhaustion.

19). Sleep disturbed, restless.  The child sleeps in a characteristic, knee-chest position.

20). Long and very deep sleep, interrupted by cramps in the jaws and toes.

21). Sleepless from feverish congestions. Drowsy in the afternoon but unable to sleep at night.

22). Insomnia from nervous stress and tension. Spells of yawning.

23). Sleepy, but you can not sleep. Restless sleep with anxious dreams.Bed feels too hot,

24). Excessive sleep or constant desire to sleep, restless with constant starting.

25). Sleepless due to digestive disturbances and sour regurgitations.

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